The G20 group adopted at its summit on Saturday, September 9, 2023. Avoiding condemnation of Russia for the war in Ukraine. But calling on all countries not to use force to seize other countries’ territory. Ukraine’s Foreign Ministry said the declaration was “nothing to be proud of”. Adding that Ukraine’s presence would give participants a
The G20 group adopted at its summit on Saturday, September 9, 2023. Avoiding condemnation of Russia for the war in Ukraine. But calling on all countries not to use force to seize other countries’ territory. Ukraine’s Foreign Ministry said the declaration was “nothing to be proud of”. Adding that Ukraine’s presence would give participants a better understanding of the situation. The consensus is surprising as the G20 is deeply divide over the war in Ukraine, with Western countries previously pushing for strong condemnation of Russia in a Leaders’ Declaration, while other member states demanded a focus on broader economic issues.
The use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is unacceptable
the statement said. However, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said the declaration presented a clear position regarding Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, saying that a country’s territorial integrity cannot be question by force. British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak said the declaration was a very firm statement regarding Russia’s illegal war in Ukraine. He said he would block the final declaration unless it reflected Moscow’s position on Ukraine and other crises. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in 2022 has left tens of thousands of people dead, millions forced to flee, and caused economic turmoil throughout the world. Moscow denies committing atrocities during the conflict, which it calls a “special operation” to “demilitarize” Ukraine.
The declaration also calls for implementing the Black Sea initiative to secure the flow of grain, food and fertilizer from Ukraine and Russia. Moscow withdrew from the agreement in July over what it called a failure to meet its demands to implement a parallel agreement that eased its own food and fertilizer export rules.
Indian Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar said China, Russia’s main ally, supported the results. “Different points of view and interests do occur, but we are able to find common ground on all issues,” he said at a press conference. Differences in views on the war have prevented agreement from being reached on even a single communique at a ministerial meeting during India’s presidency of the G20 this year.
Sherpa India, the G20 country
said the host country worked “very closely” with Brazil, South Africa and India to reach a consensus on the language of the war in Ukraine in the summit document. The declaration also stated that the group agreed to address debt vulnerabilities in low- and middle-income countries “in an effective, comprehensive and systematic manner”, but did not create a new action plan.
It said countries pledged to strengthen and reform multilateral development banks, while they accepted proposals for stricter cryptocurrency regulation. The meeting also agreed that the world needs low-cost funding totaling $4 trillion annually for the energy transition, with a large share of renewable energy in the primary energy mix.
The statement called for accelerating efforts towards the “phasing out of coal-fired power plants”, but said this must be done “in line with national circumstances and recognizing the need for support towards a just transition”. Early Saturday, Biden and other leaders walked through deserted streets to a new $300 million snail-shaped convention center called the Bharat Mandapam, across from a 16th-century stone fort.
Many businesses, offices and schools were closed in the city and traffic restricte as part of security measures to ensure the smooth running of the most important meeting to in the country. Modi inaugurated the meeting by calling on members to end the “global trust deficit” and announcing that the bloc was granting permanent membership to the African Union in a bid to make it more representative.
Despite compromises on the Leaders’ Declaration
the summit is expect to be dominate by Western countries and their allies. Chinese President Xi Jinping skipped the meeting and instead sent Premier Li Qiang, while Russia’s Vladimir Putin also did not attend. Leaders attending included Biden, Scholz, Sunak, French President Emmanuel Macron, Mohammed Bin Salman from Saudi Arabia, and Fumio Kishida from Japan, as well as President Jokowi.
“It is incumbent on the Chinese government to explain” why its leaders are not taking part, said Jon Finer, the US deputy national security adviser. Biden said on Saturday: “It would be nice if he were here but the summit went well.” Finer said there was speculation that China was “giving up on the G20” and choosing a group like BRICS, because it is the dominant country. BRICS includes Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, and has agreed to add six more members Saudi Arabia, Iran, Ethiopia, Egypt, Argentina and the United Arab Emirates – accelerating its efforts to overhaul the world order it sees as a bad. outdated.